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Peridot

Peridot is a gemstone variety from the olivine group of minerals. Gem-quality peridot has a stellar heritage and has been found in meteorites.

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Wisdom, fairness, peace, fortune.

Facts

SPECIES/GROUP : Olivine

CLASSIFICATION : Gemstone

NAME

Peridot is derived from either the Arabic word “faridad” (gemstone) or from the Greek word “peridona” (giving plenty).

APPEARANCE

Peridot has a green hue and is one of the few gemstones that is only found in one colour. The green colour ranges from brownish to yellowish green. The gemstone also goes by the alternative name, ‘Evening Emerald’, as artificial light may cause the stone to glow a brilliant green.

PROCESSING

Cutting and polishing only.

DURABILITY

Peridot has a hardness of 6.5-7 on the Mohs scale of hardness and fair to good toughness, making it reasonably durable. However, the gemstone is particularly susceptible to damage caused by acids and thermal shock.

CARE RECOMMENDATIONS

Avoid rough handling and when not being worn, store items of jewellery separately to avoid scratches. Clean with warm, soapy water and gentle brushing. Ultrasonic cleaners should only be used with caution. Keep peridot away from acids and do not expose it to abrupt temperature changes.

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MYTHOLOGY & ASSOCIATION

Peridot was worn by leaders in ancient times to make them gentle, fair and wise. Peridot was prized by the Egyptians as the “gem of the sun” and it was supposedly a favourite gemstone of Cleopatra. A Hawaiian myth claims that peridots are the tears of the goddess Pele. According to gemstone lore, peridot will bring good luck, fortune and peace to whoever wears it. Additionally, among the already listed benefits, peridot is said to attract love, friendship and happiness, calm anger and protect against envious thoughts.

Other gemstones

Learn more about other stone assortments